AMMAN — Jordan and Bangladesh on
Monday signed a memorandum of understanding on climate change
Under the agreement both countries will meet twice a year to
benefit from each others’ experience in fighting global warming and in
alleviating its impact on natural resources and the wellbeing of population,
senior officials from both countries said on Monday.
Although both countries are minor contributors to greenhouse gas
emissions, Jordan and Bangladesh suffer many consequences of climate change on
their socio-economies and natural resources, the officials explained.
It is therefore imperative for both countries to focus on
adaptation measures to alleviate the effect of the global phenomenon on their
societies, officials added.
During the signing ceremony, Minister of Environment Yaseen
Khayyat said cooperation on climate change was "vital", underscoring
that sharing data enhanced methods of coping with the phenomenon.
Khayyat also highlighted that twinning between cities and
countries is an ideal way to tackle the impact of climate change.
Khandaker Mosharraf Hossain, Bangladeshi minister of local
government, rural development and cooperatives said his country contributes as
low as 0.6 per cent to the global emissions of greenhouse gases, but that it
suffers dramatically from global warming.
“Climate change is affecting us very badly… river beds are rising
due to the drifting sediments, making rivers unable to carry as much water as
before, and, thus, they flood,” he said.
Acknowledging that climate change is affecting Jordan and
Bangladesh in different ways, the Bangladeshi minister noted that their common
woes should push them to cooperate on climate change adaptation plans.
Every four years, Jordan publishes a national communication report
on climate change to provide a scientifically sound description of the
projected impact of climate change on the country over the years, as well as a
comprehensive mitigation assessment.
The latest report warned that Jordan would witness a steady
increase in temperatures, an increase in dry spells, and a drop in
precipitation in the coming decades, as the impact of global warming becomes
During the High Level Segment meeting at the 2015 United Nations
Climate Change Conference, Jordan pledged to cut its greenhouse gas emissions
by 14 per cent by 2030, and to double the proportion of renewable energy in its
total energy mix by 2020.
The 2013-2020 Jordan Climate Change Policy suggested that the
country would witness a 1 to 4°C increase in temperatures and a 15 to 60 per
cent decrease in precipitation. Both changes could in turn have serious impacts
on the Kingdom's natural ecosystems, river basins, watersheds and biodiversity.
Meanwhile, a recent study issued by the Water Ministry indicated
that climate change over the past two decades had caused a drastic drop in
rainfall, prolonging dry spells in Jordan.
The study, carried out by Stanford University, in cooperation with
the ministry, indicated that the country had received a below average amount of
rainfall in 13 out of 19 years, between 1995 and 2013, with longer periods of
drought witnessed during the same period.